Responsible AI04

Our Approach to Responsible AI

Transforming Principles into Practice.

Ocean acidification is a consequence of the increasing levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide ( CO2 ) caused by human activities such as the burning of fossil fuels and deforestation . As the oceans absorb more CO2 , the pH levels of seawater decrease , leading to a more acidic environment . This phenomenon has far-reaching impacts on marine ecosystems and biodiversity . The primary victim of ocean acidification is the marine carbonate system , which is the basis for the structure and function of marine ecosystems . Calcium carbonate is a material used by many marine organisms , including corals , mollusks , and certain types of plankton , to build their shells and skeletons . However , under more acidic conditions , this material becomes less available , making it difficult for these organisms to maintain their protective structures . As a result , entire marine food chains are at risk as the abundance and diversity of key species decline . Moreover , the ecological functions of marine ecosystems , such as nutrient cycling and habitat provision , are compromised . Corals , which are highly sensitive to changes in pH , face severe risks due to ocean acidification . The decreased availability of calcium carbonate hampers their ability to form and repair their skeletons , making them more vulnerable to erosion and predation . This not only jeopardizes the survival of coral reefs but also the countless marine species that rely on these habitats for shelter and food . Additionally , shellfish , including oysters , mussels , and some types of clams , are vulnerable to ocean acidification , which can lead to reduced growth rates and weakened shells , posing a threat to global fisheries and aquaculture industries . Another concerning aspect of ocean acidification is its impact on marine life stages . Many species exhibit different levels of sensitivity throughout their life cycles , with larval stages being particularly vulnerable . This can lead to disruptions in reproductive patterns and recruitment dynamics , affecting the overall health and sustainability of marine populations . Furthermore , ocean acidification can alter phytoplankton species composition , potentially favoring certain types over others . This can have cascading effects throughout the food web , impacting zooplankton and the species that feed on them . Efforts to mitigate the consequences of ocean acidification are crucial . Reducing CO2 emissions by transitioning to cleaner energy sources and implementing sustainable fishing practices can help slow down the pace of ocean acidification . Additionally , safeguarding vulnerable marine areas , such as coral reefs and shellfish habitats , and enhancing their resilience through conservation measures is imperative . Research and monitoring of marine ecosystems are also vital for understanding the evolving impacts of ocean acidification and developing adaptive strategies to protect marine biodiversity and ecosystem health . Ultimately , addressing ocean acidification requires a global commitment to reducing greenhouse gas emissions and preserving the integrity of marine environments . Ocean acidification poses significant threats to marine ecosystems and biodiversity , impacting various economic and financial aspects . The economic impacts of ocean acidification are evident through the disruption of fisheries . As the pH levels of oceans drop , it becomes increasingly difficult for shellfish , including oysters , clams , sea urchins , corals , and calcareous plankton to build and maintain their shells or skeletons . This leads to reduced fish populations , affecting the fishery industry's profitability and sustainability . Additionally , ocean acidification can alter the distribution and behavior of fish and other marine species , further impacting the fishing industry's productivity and economic viability . Coastal tourism , another critical economic sector , faces vulnerabilities due to ocean acidification . Coastal areas are popular tourist destinations , generating substantial revenue worldwide . However , the degradation of marine ecosystems , loss of coral reefs , and reduced fish population can negatively impact tourism . Visitors are less likely to visit areas with declining marine beauty and health , resulting in economic losses for the tourism industry . Ocean acidification also affects the shipping industry . As the pH levels of oceans decrease , the risk of corrosion and biofouling on ship hulls increases , leading to higher maintenance costs and potential disruptions in maritime trade and transport . Additionally , changes in ocean currents and weather patterns due to climate change can disrupt shipping routes and schedules , causing economic losses . Marine environmental services , including carbon sequestration , provided by marine ecosystems are also at risk . Ocean acidification reduces the capacity of oceans to absorb and store carbon dioxide , impacting the ability of marine ecosystems to mitigate climate change . This can lead to increased costs for climate change mitigation and adaptation measures . Furthermore , the loss of biodiversity due to ocean acidification can compromise the development of new drugs and medicines , potentially affecting the pharmaceutical industry's growth and innovation . The cumulative impact of these economic and financial consequences poses significant challenges for businesses and governments . It emphasizes the need for comprehensive strategies and policies to mitigate the effects of ocean acidification , protect marine ecosystems and biodiversity , and promote sustainable economic practices . By addressing these challenges collectively , we can work towards preserving the health and integrity of our oceans while safeguarding economic stability and growth .

At the Endowment for Climate Intelligence, we've consulted with leading technologists, educators, and policy advisors to integrate our framework for Responsible AI into ClimateGPT itself.

Methods & Principles


Safety and Limiting Mis/Disinformation

Our team is collaborating with experts on climate change mis/disinformation to develop new classifiers to help tag misleading claims on climate change.

Open & Collaborative

Breaking Research Silos

Climate researchers have curated high-precision tokens and instruction fine-tuning datasets to ensure the accuracy of the model across the fields of ecological, social, and economic sciences.


Promoting Equity

Designing systems to be inclusive and accessible is an ongoing process. Leading equity learning experts are working to ensure ClimateGPT is available in underrepresented languages and is fine-tuned to minimize racial, gender, social, and geographic biases.


Regenerative Governance

Through the ECI, expert and direct citizen stakeholders will establish research priorities and create open discussions on how to benchmark the model’s accuracy and efficacy.


Expert Perspectives

We’ve partnered with renowned agricultural ecologist Dr. David Lobell to custom train ClimateGPT through a process known as instruction fine-tuning (IFT). Our researchers developed a novel methodology to interview subject matter experts, resulting in high-quality question and answer (QA) pairs to create a unique IFT dataset. 

Climate Mis/disinformation

Building on over a decade of analysis of climate change mis/disinformation, we’re using AI methods to develop a new benchmarking system to help ensure our models don’t amplify climate change denial. We’re joined by expert teams at the universities of Exeter, Trinity College, and Monash to apply their groundbreaking taxonomy to ClimateGPT.

Sustainable Compute

Responsible AI must take into account the sustainability of training and deploying models. To assess the environmental impact of the training of ClimateGPT, researchers at the Endowment for Climate Intelligence used two frameworks: the Climate Performance Card developed by Hershcovich et al. (2022) and Filecoin Green’s Energy Validation Process.


Together with RSSC, we’re designing a pilot to develop an instruction fine-tuning (IFT) dataset by interviewing  groups of individuals impacted by climate change in an outsized manner. The goal of this pilot is to understand how AI training could be grounded in lived experiences and to showcase a new methodology for practical inclusion.

Trust & Safety

With noted Trust & Safety expert David Willner, we are developing a framework for deploying and scaling foundational models responsibly. In addition to exploring foundational models, we will explore strategies to keep task-specific models (fine-tuned or RAG) safe.

Student Engagement

The ECI believes in investing in the next generation of climate and AI talent and we are excited to share that we have formed a partnership with Khalifa University in the UAE. As a first engagement, a select group of students helped to refine key elements of the ClimateGPT model and platform.

Open Data

The Endowment for Climate Intelligence is embarking on a pilot project with the Open Climate Campaign to elevate the accessibility of climate change research beyond just physical access to the publication and the data associated with it. Working with future versions of ClimateGPT, the collaboration will show the potential of combining openly licensed publications with generative Al.

Cookie Settings

We use cookies to provide you with the best possible experience. They also allow us to analyze user behavior in order to constantly improve the website for you.